Home » Cancer » Cancer Types
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Leukemias are cancers of white blood cells that start in cells in the bone marrow and blood. This particular form of leukemia progresses rather quickly and starts in young white blood cells called lymphoblasts.

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Anal Cancer

Sometimes, anal cancer does no have any symptoms. However,
anal cancers form in a part of the body that can easily be examined by a doctor.

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Brain Cancer/Gliomas

Gliomas are the most common type of cancer that starts in the brain or spinal cord.

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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women.

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Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia is a type of cancer that starts in certain blood-forming cells of the bone marrow. In this particular cancer, a genetic change takes place in an early version of the cells that make red blood cells, platelets, and most types of white blood cells.

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Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the colon, which is part of the large intestine. It often starts in a polyp or overgrowth of cells lining the inner colon wall.

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Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer often starts in cells that line the inside wall of the esophagus or starts in cells that make mucus.

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Gallbladder Cancer

Almost all gallbladder cancers start in the tissue on the inside wall of the gallbladder. As time passes,
the cancerous cells grow deeper into the gallbladder wall and push through the layers of the gallbladder.

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Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is defined by the presence of Reed-Sternberg or related cells, which are large, abnormal lymphocytes that have an owl-eye look.

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Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are part of the urinary system and filter blood to remove waste and extra water that the body doesnt need. They also make hormones that tell the body to make more red blood cells. In kidney cancer, cancer cells form a tumor since they dont die as they should.

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Lung Cancer

Your lungs transfer oxygen from the air into the blood, which then carries it to al cells in the body. They also remove carbon dioxide from the blood. Almost all lung cancers are carcinomas, which start in the cells that line the airways of the lungs.

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Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is the medical name for cancer that starts in the mesothelium of the lungs. The mesothelium is a single layer of cells that makes lubricating fluid and lines most organs inside the body. Mesothelioma is not lung cancer.

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Melanoma

Melanoma may be found anywhere in the body, with the most common area being the skin. Often, the first sign of melanoma skin cancer is a mole or spot on the skin that looks abnormal.

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Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a cancer that starts in the plasma cells. In contrast to healthy plasma cells, myeloma cancer cells make more and more new cells that arent needed and dont die quickly when old or damaged.

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Myelodysplastic Syndromes

MDS happens when changes in genes cause blood stem cells to become abnormal. This damages the blood stem cells and bone marrow so they dont work as well as they should.

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Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

There are three classic types of MPNs: essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, and primary myelofibrosis. MPNs are chronic blood cancers and do not go away on their own.

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Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes, which are a part of the bodys immune system.

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Ovarian Cancer

The ovaries are made up of three main types of cells: epithelial cells, stromal cells, and germ cells. Cancer can start in each type of cell, and there is therefore more than one type of ovarian cancer.

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Pancreatic Cancer

Early on, pancreatic cancer may not show many symptoms at all, but possible symptoms include weight loss, jaundice, nausea, floating stools, pain in the belly or back, indigestion, and depression.

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men living in the United States.

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Rectal Cancer

Rectal cancer often starts in a polyp, which is an overgrowth of cells that line the inner rectal wall. There are three different types of polyps: adenoumatous polyps, hyperplastic polyps, and inflammatory polyps.

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Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft tissue sarcoma affects the soft tissue that supports, connects, and surrounds part of your body. Soft tissue includes fat, muscles, nerves, tendons, and blood and lymph vessels.

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Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer often starts in cells that line the inside of the stomach wall and make mucus. Many cancers that start in the stomach are treated as stomach cancers. However, tumors that start in the top part of the stomach and cross over into the esophagogastric junction are treated as esophageal cancers.

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Thyroid Cancer

About 60,000 people annually are diagnosed with thyroid cancer in the U.S. It is the fourth most common cancer found in women.

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