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General Information

ADHD Overview

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 11% of school-age children. In 75% of cases, symptoms continue into adulthood.

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Frequently Asked Questions, Myths, and Misunderstandings

Evidence from research studies continues to dispel the myths and misunderstandings about ADHD. Learn more about how the research can clear up some misconceptions.

AACAP FAQ CHADD FAQ Myths & Misunderstandings
Diagnosing ADHD

There is no single test to diagnose ADHD. Therefore, a comprehensive evaluation is necessary to establish a diagnosis, rule out other causes, and determine the presence or absence of coexisting conditions.

General Diagnosis Information Diagnosing ADults
Learning Disorders

Children with learning disorders can have normal levels of intelligence, the specific learning disorder may concern parents or teachers. Learning disorders affect at least 1 in 10 school children.

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ADHD and the Brain

ADHD is a brain disorder. SCientists have shown that there are differences in the brains of children with ADHD and that some of these differences change as a child ages and matures.

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Executive Function Skills

Executive function refers to the brain functions that activate, organize, integrate, and manage other functions. It enables individuals to account for short- and long-term consequences of their actions and to plan for those results.

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Communication Hacks for Those with ADHD

Those with ADHD may forget what they’re going to say or have trouble finding the right words, talk too much, interrupt others, or venture off topic. Use these helpful tips when communicating with others.

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Take the Adult ADHD Test

Many adults who suffer from untreated ADHD avoid diagnosis or treatment due to the negative stigma associated with ADHD.

Use the following World Health Organization test is a symptoms checklist for adult ADHD and not a diagnostic test.

Download the Test

Learn More About the Test >

ADDA Health Storylines App

ADDA Health Storylines App

Developed by the Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA), this app makes it easy to record your symptoms, routines, moods, medication, and more for adult ADHD. Choose what you want to track to build your own health story.

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Treatment

Medications

Medications are the most effective treatment for ADHD when it comes to reducing inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Several stimulants and nonstimulants have been approved by the FDA for ADHD treatment.

Types of Medications Carrying Your Medications Medication Management for Patients Medication Management for Caregivers
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT programs aim to help adult with ADHD overcome their difficulties in everyday executive functions that are needed to effectively manage time, organize, and plan.

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Psychosocial Treatments for Children and Adolescents

Behaviorally oriented psychosocial treatments, also called behavior therapy or behavior modification, are the only nonmedical treatments for ADHD with a large scientific evidence base.

General Information Parent Training School Interventions Social Skills Interventions
Complementary and Other Interventions

Complementary treatments are added to usual treatment of ADHD with the hope of even better control of ADHD symptoms. Before choosing a complementary treatment, talk to your doctor.

General Information Coaching Nutrition Neurofeedback (EEG Biofeedback) Fish Oil Supplements Frequently Asked Questions

Coexisting Conditions

General Information

More than two thirds of individuals with ADHD have at least one other coexisting condition. But just as untreated ADHD can present challenges in everyday life, so can other disorders.

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Depression

Over time, children diagnosed with ADHD may become frustrated or demoralized as a result of their symptoms or may experience a true depressive illness. Children with disruptive behavior disorders experience depression at higher rates.

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Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Disruptive behavior disorders include oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD). Common symptoms include defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.

General Information AACAP ODD Resource AACAP CD Resource
Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

There is a significant overlap in the symptoms of mania, and to a lesser extent depression, and the symptoms of ADHD. Though the symptom overlap is significant, there are several factors that can help distinguish pediatric bipolar disorder from ADHD.

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Sleep Disorders

Growing evidence has shown that sleep disorders are more common in individuals with ADHD. Since sleep disorders can be related to ADHD or may result in ADHD-like symptoms, it is recommended that you are screened for sleep problems during initial ADHD assessment and ongoing management.

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Substance Abuse and ADHD

ADHD is a risk factor for substance abuse, with symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity being possible predictors for substance abuse.

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Tics and Tourette Syndrome

ADHD frequently co-occurs in children with Tourette Syndrome. The ADHD diagnosis usually precedes the onset of the motor or vocal tics of Tourette’s although sometimes the two occur together.

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Manager and Employee Talking to Each Other

Managing Your ADHD in the Workplace

Issues in the Workplace

Some adults with ADHD have very successful careers, while others may struggle with a variety of challenges, including poor communication skills, distractability, procrastination, and difficulty managing complex projects.

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Should I Disclose My ADHD?

At some point in their careers, many people with ADHD will ask themselves whether they need to tell their employers about their ADD/ADHD diagnosis. There are both advantages and pitfalls to disclosing your diagnosis in the workplace.

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Success in the Workplace for People Diagnosed with ADHD

There are a number of ways in which you can implement ADHD-friendly ways to manage your productivity once you’ve worked with your manager to create an environment in which you know you’ll be able to put your best foot forward.

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Survival Tips for Work

For adults with ADHD, the world of work can be especially frustrating due to the symptoms of the disorder.

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Accordion Panel

Sometimes people over-commit because they like saying “Yes” and helping their colleagues. As much as you would like to, it’s not possible to say “Yes” to every single project every single time.

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Getting Personal with Your Planner

Using a planner or agenda is a great way to help remember appointments and complete tasks on times. There are also ways to transform your planner into a solution that works best for you.

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Organizing Your Space

Organizing your space can keep distractions to a minimum and give you the mental space to focus on the bigger things in life.

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Resources for Parents and Caregivers